Removal of Plaque Formation, Tartar Deposits, and Food Residue
Plaque refers to that soft, sticky film of bacteria forming anywhere on your teeth. Early plaque formations are still soft and easily removed through brushing. This same dental care method is used to remove food residue between the teeth and gums. However, when plaque has remained too long on your teeth, these particles form a yellowish gray layer over the tooth's surface.
When this happens, you'll need to visit your dentist for a thorough cleaning of your teeth and gums. If you don't remove the plaque layers, then your teeth become vulnerable to bacterial decay, which forms those dark craters in your teeth. A basic cleaning procedure called scaling removes the hardened plaque and tartar deposits on your teeth's surface that have developed over time. Its twin procedure called polishing next applies a roughly textured cleaning paste on your teeth before the dentist uses a handheld tool with a rotating rubber head to rub and spin the gritty paste around your teeth to make their surface areas smooth and shiny.
If you happen to be suffering from gingivitis, then you should visit any cosmetic dentistry Sydney clinic to perform a special kind of dental cleaning procedure on your teeth and gums. Sometimes, tartar deposits, plaque, and other food residue become trapped inside the loose spaces within the gum edges surrounding the root areas. This mixture of plaque, tartar, and food particles lines the gum pockets and turns them into bacteria heaven. Soon, your gums are swollen and start to bleed every time you brush over their curved edges and between the teeth.
Rather than simply loosening the tartar deposits with ultrasonic vibrations and washing them away with a misty spray of warm water, the deep cleaning procedure also involves a more thorough removal of tartar under the gum line and all other signs of bacterial infection, including pus, inside the gum pockets. For your own comfort and ease, the dentist may apply an anesthetic gel around your teeth and gums. This greatly helps when the periodontal pockets have deepened because of gingivitis and whatever debris that's been trapped inside the gum lining must be completely removed. Afterwards, your dentist applies an antibiotic gel to thoroughly disinfect and kill whatever remaining bacteria in your mouth.
Cosmetic Teeth Whitening Treatments Using Laser or Ultraviolet Light
Scaling and polishing work together to dislodge tartar deposits or hardened plaque from your teeth. After an ordinary dental cleaning, you'll immediately notice your teeth look cleaner and shinier. However, teeth stained by caffeine, nicotine, tetracycline, and too much fluoride normally require more than a standard tooth cleaning and polishing. Stained enamel is a common sight among people who can't start their day without a cup of coffee, who drink tea with tiny cakes every afternoon, and who like to relax with a glass of wine every night.
To remove the brownish or dark yellow stains on your teeth, you'll need a teeth whitening treatment that's professionally done at a clinic. Home whitening kits don't bring about the same level of effectiveness as in-clinic dental treatments. They also cost more in the end because of the frequency of applying the strips or whitening trays. Moreover, frequent applications of the bleaching gel often lead to growing sensitivity in your teeth.
In comparison, cosmetic tooth whitening treatments could last up to five years before you'll need another procedure done on your teeth. Laser teeth whitening procedures, in particular, use a peroxide-based gel that doesn't turn acidic as it oxidizes under the laser's heat. As a result, when you undergo a laser teeth whitening procedure, you're assured that the peroxide gel won't cause corrosion on your tooth's enamel. Because it's non-acidic (alkaline), the gel's residue won't hurt your gums when it touches sensitive tissue.